the Papacy Originated in Rome
believe that the bishop of Rome inherits the mantle of Peter, apostle of Jesus
Christ who was entrusted with the administration of his church after he died.
Peter travelled to Rome where he is believed to have established a Christian community
before he was martyred. All popes are, then, successors of Peter not only as leading
the Christian community in Rome, but also as leading the Christian community in
general, and they maintain a direct connection to the original apostles.
Peter’s position as leader of the Christian church is traced back
to the Gospel of Matthew:
"And I say also unto thee, That thou art
Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall
not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven:
and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever
thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 16: 18-19)
upon this Catholics have developed the doctrine of “papal primacy,” the idea that
as successor to Peter, the pope is the head of the worldwide Christian Church.